Hey it’s Arpeggio day!
This week we’re going to change it up by doing some Arpeggio sequences. If you missed the first 2 installments you can find them here:
If you’re new to the routine, I highly recommend reading the first one that includes important instructions on how to practice the right way every time you pick up a guitar.
Routine #2, The Modal Workout delves a bit deeper into some basic scale theory that every guitarist should know.
Otherwise, if you think you’re ready, lets get right to it!
Diatonic Triads – G String Root
Before we get into the big & meaty arpeggio shapes, we’re going to start off with some simple triads. This lesson will be in the key of C Major/A minor.
If you’re a beginner or even a more advanced player not familiar with these shapes, take a strum through them first without the picking sequences.
Starting in the 2nd position with A minor, we’re going to do a simple ascending/descending alternate picking sequence through all of the arpeggios.
This first set will only include triads with the root notes on the G String:
- Set #1 – Alternate pick through the triads starting on the A note (2nd fret, G String), and continue through all of the arpeggios up the neck.
- If these triads feel even a little uncomfortable, go ahead and repeat each one 2-4x before switching to the next one.
- Set #2 – In an ascending triplet feel we’re changing the picking to – DOWN, DOWN, UP.
- Set #3 – In a descending triplet feel, switch to – UP, UP, DOWN.
- Set # 4 – “Double-pick” each note in each arpeggio ascending and descending.
- Use a Metronome!
Diatonic Triads – D, A & E String Roots
You can probably see where I’m going with this right? We’re going to do the exact same 4 sets, but move the triads “down” to the D string shapes.
- Starting on the E note (2nd fret, D String), build your arpeggios diatonically up the neck in the key of C Major.
- Do the same thing starting on the B (2nd fret, A string) and the G (3rd fret, low E string).
- For the purposes of this article, I’ll avoid the redundancy of putting all that repetitive music here.
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Some (very opinionated) Thoughts on Sweep Picking:
(If you’re not interested in sweeping, sweep up on your screen to the 7th arpeggio section of this article below)
Ahhhh, sweep picking. Most guitarists either love it or hate it. I’m kind of on the fence really. I mean, if I see someone doing it well and in a tasteful manner, it is cool.
Most of the time though, it’s out of place in just about any style of music outside of Progressive, Fusion or 80’s era Metal Styles.
Sure there are a million YouTube Guitar Nerds out there blazing away in their bedrooms, but it just doesn’t fly in real life professional playing situations. It’s a fantastic way to get fired from a corporate gig…not that I would know 🙂
It just seems silly outside of the Metal genre. Sure, you’ll impress someone with it. It’s flashy and sounds incredibly difficult when executed properly.
Personally, I think the only people you’re impressing with sweep picking are the same types of people impressed by Bud Lime, Frank’s Hot Sauce or Pizza with cheese in the crust. Ooooh.
You’re definitely not impressing good guitarists.
If you haven’t gotten the other, more important facets of your playing together ie,. Chords, Rhythm, bending, good note choices etc., al. It seems kind of silly to be over-using this advanced technique.
……and the good:
Now, as for the merits of Sweep picking… let’s talk about the wonderful side benefits such as syncing the hands. It really helps! Sweep picking is also wonderful for your upstrokes.
Sweep picking big 5 string arpeggios shapes also greatly benefits your fretting hand strength and dexterity. Regardless of your own personal opinion on this technique, the exercises below will benefit both hands greatly. Just don’t be… that guy. (Or gal)
That being said, if you’re a Metal Guitarist and assuming your playing in a Metal band, ignore everything I just said and SHRED.
5 String Diatonic Arpeggios
This first set consists of an A String root, 1 note per string except for 2 notes on the high E. These are the most common “shredder” era shapes.
The real challenge here is the picking. Notice when doing the C Major shape below, the picking changes on the second run.
Essentially you’re “sweeping” ascending with all downstrokes. You’re hitting that pull-off with an upstroke, sweeping descending with upstrokes, THEN.. starting on a downstroke on the D String.
It’s tricky but worth the effort.
Once you’re comfortable with that, here’s a sequence utilizing more arpeggios in the Key of C Major.
For this one I like to add an extra low note (the 5th) on the A string to each arpeggio. This gives it a nice flow for playing them in time with a 16th (or 32nd) note feel.
Here’s a few more using this extra low 5th pattern:
You can tweak that out any way you like. They are a lot of fun, so happy shredding!
Diatonic 7th Arpeggios
These are really the meat & potatoes of my improvising tools. Along with Modal scales, Diatonic 7th Arpeggios provide an excellent framework for improvising in just about any music style.
They can sound a little jazzy or a little shreddy. Some can sound Bluesy. They just work everywhere and will give your solos a really sophisticated and focused sound. They sound cool without the cheesy “shred” stigma… in case you’re trying to avoid that. (ahem)
All we’re doing here is adding that 7th scale degree to the existing (1,3,5) arpeggios we did above. If it helps to make the association with modes, hey whatever works for you. You could think of it like this: (chord/arpeggio tones highlighted red)
- C Ionian: C D E F G A B C – C Major 7
- D Dorian: D E F G A B C D – D minor 7
- E Phrygian: E F G A B C D E – E minor 7
- F Lydian: F G A B C D E F – F Major 7
- G Mixolydian: G A B C D E F G – G Dominant 7
- A Aeolian: A B C D E F G A – A minor 7
- B Locrian: B C D E F G A B – B minor 7b5
7th Arpeggio Shapes:
I find it easier to memorize these in different places by thinking of a “behind the root” and “in front of the root” shape.
For example, these Dm7 (ii in C) shapes below:
In the 5th position starting on the (D) note you can take that Dm7 arpeggio in either direction on the neck. Of course, you can map out your own shapes just about anywhere you want, but I prefer shapes with the root on the (A) String.
You can use the above shapes for the 2nd, 3rd and 6th degrees of the Key. For the Key of C that would be: Dm7, Em7 and Am7.
I like to mix the 2 shapes together like this:
Starting on the 3rd fret (C note, 7th of Dm7) alternate pick ascending through the arpeggio shifting at the top and descending in the “in front of the root” shape. This is a great technique for coming up with some tasty licks in your improvisations.
Major 7th Shapes
You can use the below sequence/shape for the I and IV of every key. In this case: C Major7 or F Major7.
Using C Major7, here’s a different shape covering all 6 strings:
The V and VII
The 5th chord/arpeggio of any key is a Dominant 7th. It’s just a Major chord with a flat 7th added. In the Key of C Major, the V chord is G7.
G7 behind the (A) string root:
I’ve always liked this one across 6 strings. Very Eric Johnson-ish. Don’t forget to alternate pick!
For the VII of every key you’ll use the minor7b5 arpeggio on the (B) note. Sometimes referred to as 1/2 diminished, this arpeggio really exploits that dark diminished/Locrian sound.
Some Usage and Analysis:
7th arpeggios can give you a wide array of sounds. You can play them with a Key Center approach by just mixing and matching sequences you like. They ALL work in the key regardless of what the chord progression is (assuming the chords are in the Key of C).
You can also use them for a more focused sound. For example, playing an Am7 arpeggio over a Dm7 chords gives you a D minor 11th sound. Jazzy right?
Am7 = ACEG
In relation to D those notes would relate as:
A – 5th of D
C – b7 of D
E – 2nd or 9th of D
G – 4th or 11th of D
With this type of approach, you’re kind of forcing the listener into a certain sound by superimposing one chord/arpeggio over another in the same key.
You can go nuts with that little nugget of info and try different combos that sound good to you.
Think of the lines and spaces on the Treble Clef when memorizing the notes in arpeggios.
For example, the spaces:
F-A-C-E… Hey, that’s an F Major 7!
The lines starting on E:
Remember that saying when you were a kid?
EVERY GOOD BOY DOES FINE
E-G-B = Em
E-G-B-D = Em7
E-G-B-D-F = Em9
Pretty cool right? I know it helps me in times of doubt (or too many beers).
- If you haven’t read my previous articles, I can’t stress it enough. Always practice with a metronome.
- Watch your picking hand.
- Practice with both clean and distorted tones.
- Don’t let friends listen to Nickelback. 🙂
Craig Smith is a professional Guitarist, Teacher, and Writer living in Sanford, Florida. Craig has taught guitar lessons, performed 200+ gigs per year for nearly 30 years, and published 4 guitar instructional books. When he’s not gigging or writing, you may find him by the pool with his wife Celeste, 4 Chihuahuas, and a drink. 🎸